History of Albany Australia

History of Albany City in the Albany Region of WA
Visit the Albany Heritage Park for living history!

Thriving southern destination A History of Albany, Western Australia

Click here for a Map of Historic Places in Albany.

The port city of Albany is located in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, some 418 km SE of Perth, the state capital.

Albany, is the oldest permanently settled town in Western Australia. With Mount Clarence to the east and Mount Melville to the west, Albany city centre is at the northern edge of Princess Royal Harbour.

There were several European explorer visits to the Albany shores prior to British settlement. The dutchman François Thijssen in 1627, in 1792 the Frenchman Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, In 1801 Englishman Matthew Flinders and in 1826 Frenchman Dumont d'Urville in the L'Astrolabe visited King George Sound. Click here for an overview of Albany Australia's Museums.

Princess Royal Harbour 1854. Painting by Duncan Cooper Albany Town Hall. Albany, Western Australia

Arriving on the Amity

In 1826 Major Edmund Lockyer arrived on the Amity, from Sydney, and founded a British military outpost. This was to stop any plans by the French to claim Western Australia.

Albany was named by Governor Stirling in 1832, at the time that political authority passed to the Swan River colony. The official postal service began in 1834 and the first town jetty was established in 1837. The construction of the railway in 1885, between Perth and Albany brought with it more settlers and more opportunities.

The 1890's gold rush brought more settlers and prosperity. During this time many of the historic buildings on Stirling Terrace were built.

The Old Post Office, Albany, Western Australia

Old Albany Post Office Tower

The Old Gaol and Museum, Albany

Albany Old Gaol & Museum

Rich with History

Albany Town Hall. Albany, Western Australia Freemason's Hotel, Albany 1905

1900s, WWI & WWII

Atop Mount Adelaide is the Princess Royal Fortress Military Museum. It houses the Albany Barracks & The Princess Royal Battery, the Military Heritage Centre, the Ellam-Innes Collection (extensive collection of War memorabilia of the 11th Battalion and 10th Light Horse regiments), Underground Magazine, Repository Store and Caretaker's Cottage, Artillery Display, Torpedoes, HMAS Perth trail, World War II Control Bunker plus more.

On top of Mt. Clarence there is a memorial to the Desert Mounted Corps.

Albany also has many historic buildings and sites including:

Albany & the ANZACs

Albany Town Hall. Albany, Western Australia

Visit the National ANZAC Centre or Desert Mounted Corps Memorial.

Albany Town Hall. Albany, Western Australia

Albany Today

Today the city of Albany is a thriving port city home to over 30,000.

It is a significant tourist destination for Australians and International visitors.

It has great significance historically and its coastline is a place of outstanding & spectacular natural beauty.

Visit the Albany Museums Page for more on Albany's exciting history.

Middleton Beach Diving Pontoon, Albany WA

Museums & Monuments in Albany Australia

Mount Clarence Mount Clarence
Visit the ANZAC Desert Corps Memorial and view the coast from Padre White Lookout or Apex Lookout at the summit. Visit Mount Clarence
Albany Heritage Park Albany Heritage Park
The heritage park consists of the parklands and monuments of Mount Clarence and Mount Adelaide including the National ANZAC Centre. Visit Albany Heritage Park
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial sits atop Mount Clarence. Visit ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
Ataturk Channel Ataturk Channel
Ataturk Channel connects King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour allowing safe access to the Port of Albany. Visit Ataturk Channel
Ataturk Memorial Ataturk Memorial
Ataturk Memorial stands prominently above Point King overlooking Ataturk Channel. The memorial offers amazing views of the channel. Visit Ataturk Memorial
Princess Royal Fortress Princess Royal Fortress
One of the best outdoor military museums in Australia. The Fortress is within the Albany Heritage Park, atop Mount Adelaide. Visit Princess Royal Fortress
WA Museum Albany WA Museum Albany
The Western Australian Museum Albany has exhibitions and information on the natural and social history of the region. Visit WA Museum Albany

Map to some of Albany's Historic Attractions:

Albany History

Albany's Living History Tap the markers for information about the locations on the Map below.

What's on the map? These are the locations plotted above:

Brig Amity Replica Brig Amity Replica
Experience the first settlers arrival in Albany, the first settlement in Western Australia, from onboard a replica of the Amity. Visit Brig Amity Replica
Mount Clarence Mount Clarence
Visit the ANZAC Desert Corps Memorial and view the coast from Padre White Lookout or Apex Lookout at the summit. Visit Mount Clarence
Albany Heritage Park Albany Heritage Park
The heritage park consists of the parklands and monuments of Mount Clarence and Mount Adelaide including the National ANZAC Centre. Visit Albany Heritage Park
Albany WA History Albany WA History
Albany, is the oldest permanently settled town in Western Australia. Visit Albany WA History
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial sits atop Mount Clarence. Visit ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
Ataturk Memorial Ataturk Memorial
Ataturk Memorial stands prominently above Point King overlooking Ataturk Channel. The memorial offers amazing views of the channel. Visit Ataturk Memorial
Princess Royal Fortress Princess Royal Fortress
One of the best outdoor military museums in Australia. The Fortress is within the Albany Heritage Park, atop Mount Adelaide. Visit Princess Royal Fortress
WA Museum Albany WA Museum Albany
The Western Australian Museum Albany has exhibitions and information on the natural and social history of the region. Visit WA Museum Albany

Albany Region Attractions & Information:

The Gap The Gap
An impressive rugged granite channel carved by the waves of the Great Southern Ocean crashing against the granite coastline forming a spectacular sheer drop of almost twenty five metres. Visit The Gap
Natural Bridge Natural Bridge
The Natural Bridge is a granite formation caused by the gradual wearing away of the rock by the Great Southern Ocean. Visit Natural Bridge
Brig Amity Replica Brig Amity Replica
Experience the first settlers arrival in Albany, the first settlement in Western Australia, from onboard a replica of the Amity. Visit Brig Amity Replica
Albany Agricultural Show Albany Agricultural Show
The Albany Show (Albany Agricultural Show) happens at the Albany Showgrounds, corner of Lockyer & Cockburn Rds in November each year. Visit Albany Agricultural Show
Albany Farmers Market Albany Farmers Market
Saturday mornings. Fresh fruit and veggies from local growers. Organic produce available. Visit Albany Farmers Market
Albany Heritage Park Albany Heritage Park
The heritage park consists of the parklands and monuments of Mount Clarence and Mount Adelaide including the National ANZAC Centre. Visit Albany Heritage Park
Albany Wind Farm Albany Wind Farm
Beautiful and productive green energy from the wind of the Torndirrup, just outside Albany City towards Frenchman Bay. Visit Albany Wind Farm
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial sits atop Mount Clarence. Visit ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
Ellen Cove Ellen Cove
Ellen Cove, Ellen Cove Boardwalk and Ellen Cove Pier are at the far southern end of Middleton Beach, Albany. Visit Ellen Cove
Former HMS Perth Dive Wreck Former HMS Perth Dive Wreck
The Location of the Former HMS Perth Dive Wreck for scuba divers. Visit Former HMS Perth Dive Wreck
Princess Royal Fortress Princess Royal Fortress
One of the best outdoor military museums in Australia. The Fortress is within the Albany Heritage Park, atop Mount Adelaide. Visit Princess Royal Fortress
WA Museum Albany WA Museum Albany
The Western Australian Museum Albany has exhibitions and information on the natural and social history of the region. Visit WA Museum Albany

Attractions in Albany and surrounds:

Brig Amity Replica Brig Amity Replica
Experience the first settlers arrival in Albany, the first settlement in Western Australia, from onboard a replica of the Amity. Visit Brig Amity Replica
Mount Clarence Mount Clarence
Visit the ANZAC Desert Corps Memorial and view the coast from Padre White Lookout or Apex Lookout at the summit. Visit Mount Clarence
Emu Point Emu Point
The northern end of Middleton Beach, on the shores of Oyster Harbour at the channel to King George Sound. Visit Emu Point
Middleton Beach Middleton Beach
The most popular beach in Albany. Swim or relax under the trees. Cafes and amenities. Visit Middleton Beach
City of Albany City of Albany
Located between the hills of Mount Melville and Mount Clarence, the Nestled along the Princess Royal Harbour & King George Sound. Visit City of Albany
Albany Farmers Market Albany Farmers Market
Saturday mornings. Fresh fruit and veggies from local growers. Organic produce available. Visit Albany Farmers Market
Albany Heritage Park Albany Heritage Park
The heritage park consists of the parklands and monuments of Mount Clarence and Mount Adelaide including the National ANZAC Centre. Visit Albany Heritage Park
Albany Pier (Cruises & Whale Watching) Albany Pier (Cruises & Whale Watching)
Albany Pier for embarking on a whale watching tour. Visit Albany Pier (Cruises & Whale Watching)
Albany Wind Farm Albany Wind Farm
Beautiful and productive green energy from the wind of the Torndirrup, just outside Albany City towards Frenchman Bay. Visit Albany Wind Farm
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial sits atop Mount Clarence. Visit ANZAC Desert Mounted Corps Memorial
Ellen Cove Ellen Cove
Ellen Cove, Ellen Cove Boardwalk and Ellen Cove Pier are at the far southern end of Middleton Beach, Albany. Visit Ellen Cove
Frenchman Bay Frenchman Bay
Located on the southern side of the King George Sound this is a beautiful setting with picnic area and barbecues and a boat launch. Ideal for relaxing, eating, and having quiet day out. Visit Frenchman Bay
Oyster Harbour Oyster Harbour
Oyster Harbour, on the north eastern side of Albany flows into the King George Sound past Emu Point. Visit Oyster Harbour
Princess Royal Fortress Princess Royal Fortress
One of the best outdoor military museums in Australia. The Fortress is within the Albany Heritage Park, atop Mount Adelaide. Visit Princess Royal Fortress
WA Museum Albany WA Museum Albany
The Western Australian Museum Albany has exhibitions and information on the natural and social history of the region. Visit WA Museum Albany

Accommodation in Albany?